Effects of residual elements from scraps on steel processing and service properties of typical strip steel products.

Key Information

Supervisors: Dr N Lavery and Mr R Hart

Tata Steel UK has significantly increased its use of steel scrap for steel production, in response to government targets aimed at reducing emissions by 80% by 2050.

Using steel scrap brings the problem of residual elements inherited from the steel scraps. Residual elements influence both the steel processing, and physical properties of the finish product. Most problematic is obsolete scrap, in which chemical compositions fluctuates widely depending on its origin and degree of processing.

Residual elements can influence the processing conditions of steel, directly and indirectly affecting the quality and properties of the final steel product.

This research aims to advance understanding of how residual elements effect steel processing and resultant service properties, and to create optimized through process parameters to control the effects of residual elements.

Through simulating the steel manufacturing process in the laboratory with intentionally added residual elements, the link between the residual elements, steel processing performance and physical properties of the product will be investigated.

The Research Engineer will:

  • Review the impact of residual elements on steel processing and mechanical properties of the product
  • Though laboratory experimentation, investigate the effect of residual elements on steel processing of selected key products.
  • Through laboratory experimentation, investigate the effect of residual elements on mechanical properties of selected key products.

Through consideration of outcomes, recommend through process parameters to allow increased use of high residual steel scrap in steel processing, without sacrificing mechanical performance properties of the product.

Swansea university is a top 30 UK institution for research excellence (Research Excellence Framework 2014) and has been named Welsh University of the Year 2017 by The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide.

The Materials and Manufacturing Academy (M2A) in the College of Engineering is a Swansea University initiative which provides postgraduate research training in partnership with industry; providing access to world-class laboratories and a wealth of academic and industry expertise. The M2A is committed to delivering high quality collaborative research opportunities within an inclusive environment, funded by the Welsh European Funding Office (WEFO), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), Swansea University and Industry partners. 

Interwoven through the research study are business, technical and entrepreneurial courses, designed to support and prepare participants for a senior role in industry or academia, on completion of their studies. Research Engineers may participate in our career mentoring system, offering opportunities to engage with M2A alumni and other senior staff from across the University.  

The Athena SWAN charter recognises work undertaken by institutions to advance gender equality. The College of Engineering is an Athena SWAN bronze award holder and is committee to addressing unequal gender representation.

Applications from women are particularly welcomed. As a positive action to address gender imbalance, female undergraduates considering a career in research are invited to join our two-day laboratory taster session and learn about a typical day in the life of a research engineer.


Sponsoring Company Tata Steel

We welcome applications from candidates with an Engineering or Physical Science degree (minimum level 2:1), or a combination of degree and equivalent relevant experience to the same level to join the M2A community of research engineers.

To be eligible for WEFO funding, applicants should:

  • Be a UK or EU citizen (eligible for home tuition fees at Swansea University) and have the right to work in Wales at the end of their studies.
  • Be resident within West Wales and the Valleys at the time of enrolment and for the duration of the candidature.
  • Must not be financially able to participate in study for a postgraduate research degree without the award of this funding.

 To be eligible for EPSRC funding, applicants should:

  • Be eligible for home tuition fees at Swansea University.
  • Have settled status in the UK, meaning no restrictions on the length of stay in the UK; and be ‘ordinarily resident’ in the UK for 3 years prior to the start of the grant, apart from temporary or occasional absences.
  • Not have been residing in the UK wholly or mainly for the purpose of full-time education. This does not apply to UK nationals and EU nationals who were ordinarily resident in the EU immediately before the period of full-time education.

Full fees at Home/EU rate for a period of four academic years.

Maintenance stipend at £20K per annum for a period of four years.

Closing Date 15 March 2019

Start Date October 2019

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Informal enquiries about this studentship are welcome and may be directed by email to: M2A@swansea.ac.uk